Information

Maria Reiter


Maria Reiter, the daughter of an official of the Social Democratic Party, was born in Berchtesgaden on 23rd December 1911. The death of her mother meant that she had to leave school and work in the family clothes shop in Obersalzberg.

When she was sixteen Maria met Adolf Hitler, the leader of the Nazi Party. He later explained: "A girl of eighteen to twenty is as malleable as wax. That's all the woman asks for."

Hitler, who was 37 years old at the time, asked Maria out. "We went out into the night.... Hitler was about to put his arm around my shoulders and pull me toward him when the two dogs suddenly attacked each other.... Hitler suddenly intervened, like a maniac he hit his dog with his riding whip... and shook him violently by the collar. He was very excited.... I did not expect that he could hit his dog so brutally and ruthlessly, the dog which he had said he could not live without. Yet he beat up his most loyal companion." Maria asked him "How can you be so brutal and beat your dog like that?" He replied "It was necessary."

Cate Haste, the author of Nazi Women (2001), has pointed out: "Hitler introduced himself to her when their paths crossed while walking their dogs. He pursued her, flirted with her, took her out on trips in his Mercedes and invited her to a meeting he was to address. She was impressed by his celebrity, and by his dress - by this time, breeches, light velour hat, riding whip and a coat held closed by a leather belt. In her later account, she recalls him taking her to dinner, feeding her cakes like a child, and touching her leg with his knee under the table. Hitler told her that she reminded him of his own mother, especially her eyes, and suggested they visit her mother's grave. There, she recalled, Hitler was overcome." Reiter later recalled: "he was moved by something he did not want to tell me... I am not ready yet."

Ian Kershaw has argued Hitler 1889-1936 (1998): "He (Hitler) was thirty-seven years of age; she was sixteen. Like his father, he preferred women much younger than himself - girls he could dominate, who would be obedient playthings but not get in the way. The two women with whom he would become most intimately associated, Geli Raubal (nineteen years younger than he was) and Eva Braun (twenty-three years younger), fitted the same model - until, that is, Geli became rebellious and wanted a level of freedom which Hitler was unwilling to permit." Ronald Hayman has pointed out that there was a regular patten to Hitler's relationships: "Though he found it easy during his twenties and early thirties to make friends with children and with women in their forties and fifties, he was nervous of being rebuffed or humiliated by women of his own age. But at thirty-seven he was old enough to treat a teenage girl as if she were a child. With Maria, once they were sufficiently relaxed in each other's company, there was nothing to stop them from making love."

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They had several dates during which Hitler became increasingly passionate towards her. According to Reiter, Adolf Hitler "told her that he wanted her to be his wife, to found a family with her, to have blonde children, but at the moment he had not the time to think of such things. Repeatedly Hitler spoke of his duty, his mission." Hitler told her: "When I get my new apartment you have to stay with me... forever. We will choose everything together, the paintings, the chairs, I already can see it all: beautiful, big lounge chairs of the violet plush." After declaring his love to Maria, Hitler returned to Munich.

In February 1927 Hitler wrote to Maria: "My dear, good child, I was truly happy to receive this sign of your tender friendship to me... I am given a constant reminder of your cheeky head and your eyes... As regards what is causing you personal pain, you can believe me that I sympathize with you. But you should not let your little head droop in sadness and must only see and believe: even if fathers sometimes don't understand their children any longer because they have got older not only in years but in feelings, they mean only well for them. As happy as your love makes me, I ask you most ardently to listen to your father. And now, my dear treasure, receive warmest greetings from your Wolf, who is always thinking of you."

Adolf Hitler sent her a a leather-bound copy of Mein Kampf for Christmas. Reiter gave him two sofa-cushions that she had embroidered. However, he did not visit her: "My whole world started tumbling down. I did not know what had happened, nothing... All sorts of pictures appeared in my mind... faces of other women and Hitler smiling at them. I did not want to go on living." Günter Peis points out: "In this depressed mood, she went to find a clothesline. One end of it she slung around her neck, the other around a door handle. Slowly, she glided to the floor. Slowly, she lost consciousness." Luckily, her brother-in-law arrived and "saved her life at the last minute."

Hitler sent a message that he was unable to see her because he was being blackmailed. According to Maria: "Hitler told my brother-in-law, that anonymous letters had been mailed to the party office saying that Hitler was having a relationship with a girl who was underage." The letter said: "Hitler seduces young, inexperienced girls. He just found a sixteen-year-old girl in Berchtesgaden who obviously will be his next victim." Hitler explained that he could not allow his relationship to "jeopardize the success of his party".

Lothar Machtan has argued in The Hidden Hitler (2001) that the reason Hitler broke off his relationship with Maria was because he was being blackmailed by Emil Maurice. "As early as 1927, Party headquarters had received some anonymous letters accusing Hitler of seducing a minor. It later transpired that their author was a certain Ida Arnold, a girlfriend of Maurice, who had invited Mimi to coffee and skillfully pumped her for information. Feeling cornered, Hitler requested Maria Reiter to make a sworn deposition to the effect that she had had 'no relationship of any kind' with him. Although this amounted to flagrant perjury, it must have seemed Hitler's only possible recourse in the summer of 1928. He was clearly under extreme pressure, because nothing could have presented a greater threat to him, as party leader, than revelations about his private life - and who knew more about that subject than Emil Maurice?"

After she recovered she married a local hotelkeeper. The marriage was not a success, however, and in 1931 Reiter left her husband. Maria Reiter later claimed that she was visited by Rudolf Hess who suggested that Hitler was still interested in her. According to her own account, she travelled to Munich to see Hitler: "I let everything happen. I had never been so happy as I was that night". Hitler suggested that she remain in Munich as his lover, but Reiter wanted marriage. Some historians have questioned the truth of this account. They point out that in 1931 Hitler was romantically attached to Geli Raubal, the daughter of his half-sister, Angela Raubal.

However, Ronald Hayman, believed her story: "The account she later gave of their liaison is more reliable than most of the stories told by women who claimed him as their lover.... They probably became lovers when she visited him in Munich. He spoke of renting a flat and living with her, but nothing came of these plans, and by July 1927, when she was in Berchtesgaden again, he was no longer living in the hotel. What she had in common with Geli was that she was too young and inoffensive for him to feel threatened. If she laughed it would mean that she was either embarrassed or having a good time."

In 1936 Maria Reiter married George Kubisch, an SS officer, in 1936. Kubisch was killed in 1940 during the Battle of Dunkirk.

Maria Reiter, who told her story to the German periodical Stern in 1959, died in 1992.

Hitler, by now thirty-seven, introduced himself to her when their paths crossed while walking their dogs. Hitler told her that she reminded him of his own mother, especially her eyes, and suggested they visit her mother's grave....

On one occasion, Hitler shocked her when, in a show of harsh dominance, he beat his dog with his whip after it had attacked her dog: "It was necessary," he said, when she protested. On several of their excursions, he put his arms round her, and once took her to a remote forest glade, stood her up against a tree, kissed her passionately, calling her his "wood-nymph", and declared his wish to marry her - but not at the moment. He had no time to think of such things - he had his duty, his mission.' Mimi, at sixteen, was clearly infatuated by him. Soon afterwards he was off to Munich. She wrote him fond letters and sent him embroidered cushions; he sent her a leather-bound copy of Mein Kampf for Christmas.

My dear, good child, I was truly happy to receive this sign of your tender friendship to me... And now, my dear treasure, receive warmest greetings from your Wolf, who is always thinking of you.

It was after midnight now, and brutality was succeeded by tenderness. They return to Mimi's sister's apartment. "Hitler came up very close to me and looked at me for a very long time. I could feel his breath. Tenderly, he touched my shoulders, his mouth changed, his voice sounded sad. "Don't you want to kiss me" he asked.

She forces herself to say no, that they shouldn't see each other again. Hitler takes the rejection badly. he "turned cold... kindness disappeared from his face... abruptly he turned away ... said "Heil" and left.

But he had not given up. He sends a confidant around to Mimi's store the next morning. The surrogate tells Mimi, "I have never seen him like that. Herr Hitler poured his heart out to me. Believe me: The man is on fire."

Mimi agrees to another meeting. Hitler arrives in the store "radiant with joy." Mimi accedes to an excursion to the picturesque Starnbergersee, which is to be the scene of their first kiss, although Hitler begins the intimacy on the drive itself. With his chauffeur, Emil Maurice, up front at the wheel, Hitler sits very close to Mimi in the back. "He took my hand and put it into his lap, then he took my other hand as well and pressed it: "Now I have your hands, and I have you. and I will keep you now."

Next he does his mesmerist act: "He puts his right arm around me and tenderly placed his hand on my temple, pulled my head toward his shoulder and wanted to close my eyes with his fingers. He said I should dream." This combination of coarseness (the hand in the lap) and tenderness works its magic on Mimi. "I think that during those first minutes on our ride to Starnberg my reserve was broken."

Next date: the graveyard. Hitler takes Mimi to her mother's grave. Hitler is overcome, thinking of his own mother, "moved by something he did not want to tell me. What he said sounded very grave, in utmost distress: "I am not ready yet."

Hitler, holding on to his riding whip, comforts a sobbing Mimi and strangely chooses that moment to tell her. "I want you to call me Wolf" (a favorite pseudonym for him when he traveled incognito).

One wants to read in portents of abnormality here, a Hitler so mesmerized by his memory of his mother, he is incapable of a normal sexual relationship. which seemed to be in prospect then. But again, this is contradicted by Mimi's account, which becomes suddenly less courtly and more explicitly sexual.

Though he found it easy during his twenties and early thirties to make friends with children and with women in their forties and fifties, he was nervous of being rebuffed or humiliated by women of his own age. With Maria, once they were sufficiently relaxed in each other's company, there was nothing to stop them from making love. With Geli the age-gap was almost exactly the same.

Maria Reiter had attended a convent school and now worked in a dress shop opposite the hotel. It had belonged to her mother, who had recently died, and Maria's sister Anni was running it. The youngest of four sisters, Maria was walking their dog, Marko, in the Kurpark when Hitler was walking his Alsatian, Prinz. Like so many dog-owners who are introduced to each other by their pets, Hitler and Maria started chatting. He invited her to a concert, but she could not accept without asking her sister, and when they went into the shop, Anni said Maria was too young to go out with an older man.

A political meeting had been arranged at the hotel, which gave him a chance to impress both girls by inviting them to hear him speak. Maria felt uncomfortable when he kept looking at her during his speech, but she said she had enjoyed it. Immediately more relaxed, he started addressing her with affectionate Austrian diminutives - Mimi, Mitzi, Mitzerl.

The favourable reaction to his speech encouraged him to start flirting, but he did this gauchely, saying that her eyes were like his mother's. He too, he told her, had been orphaned when he was sixteen (in fact he was eighteen). He said it must be significant that the date of Mitzi's birthday was the date on which his mother had been buried. He offered to go with her to her mother's grave, and in the evening, while they were walking their dogs, he tried to impress her with his forceful masculinity - he beat Prinz for disobedience. At the end of the evening, when she would not give him a goodnight kiss, he stuck out his arm in a Nazi salute, gruffly shouting: "Hell Hitler!"

The account she later gave of their liaison is more reliable than most of the stories told by women who claimed him as their lover. She gave an interview to a journalist, Gunter Pets, who made a tape-recording, which he used as the basis for an article that appeared in both Stern and Time. The facts and the handwritten letters she received from Hitler were checked by Eugen Kogon, author of Der S.S. Staat.

When she went to the cemetery with Hitler, he stared down at her mother's grave and surprised her by saying he had not yet arrived at that state ("Ich bin noch nicht so welt"). Gripping his riding whip, he told her to call him "Wolf". Once, when they went for a walk in the woods, he made her romp with him like a child. Afterwards he wanted her to stand still in front of a tree. After arranging her as if she were an artist's model, he told her she was his woodland spirit, and when she laughed, she was told never to laugh at him. He then kissed her passionately and said he could squeeze her to bits.

They probably became lovers when she visited him in Munich. If she laughed it would mean that she was either embarrassed or having a good time.

Although Hitler led Fraulein Reiter to hope that they might become an item, at least for a while, his affection for "the dear child" waned in the course of 1927. A previous episode had already made it apparent that no genuine love affair could result. Having on one occasion chauffeured the couple into the woods, Maurice remained discreetly seated in the car while Hitler and his "Mizerl" set off. They eventually came to a clearing, where he stationed her in front of a tall fir tree. He "turned me to the left, to the right. He stepped back a few paces - gazed at me the way a painter poses his model... "A glorious picture," he blurted out." Finally, he clasped her to him and said: "`Mimilein, dear, sweet girl, now I simply can't help myself." He hugged me really tightly around the neck. He kissed me. He didn't know what to do." How could he have known, in default of any physical desire to guide him? It was only his quirky imitation of a painter that had lent him the courage to venture as far as he did....

As early as 1927, Party headquarters had received some anonymous letters accusing Hitler of seducing a minor. It later transpired that their author was a certain Ida Arnold, a girlfriend of Maurice, who had invited "Mimi" to coffee and skillfully pumped her for information. Feeling cornered, Hitler requested Maria Reiter to make a sworn deposition to the effect that she had had "no relationship of any kind" with him." Although this amounted to flagrant perjury, it must have seemed Hitler's only possible recourse in the summer of 1928. He was clearly under extreme pressure, because nothing could have presented a greater threat to him, as party leader, than revelations about his private life - and who knew more about that subject than Emil Maurice?

Hitler once paid court to Lotte Bechstein, the daughter of his patroness Helene Bechstein. In later years she told her husband the reason why she and Hitler had never gotten together: "He couldn't kiss." His fixation on his own sex was too strong and his self-imposed heterosexuality too dependent on an effort of the will. All his attempts to start a love affair with a woman had come to nothing.

During a further stay at the Deutsches Haus in Berchtesgaden in early autumn 1926, Hitler came into contact with Maria Reiter. Her friends called her Mimi. For Hitler she was Mimi, Mimilein, Mizzi, Mizzerl - whichever diminutive occurred to him. He also called her "my dear child". He was thirty-seven years of age; she was sixteen. The two women with whom he would become most intimately associated, Geli Raubal (nineteen years younger than he was) and Eva Braun (twenty-three years younger), fitted the same model - until, that is, Geli became rebellious and wanted a level of freedom which Hitler was unwilling to permit. But these relationships were still to come when Hitler encountered Mimi Reiter.

A fortnight or so before she met Hitler, Mimi's mother had died of cancer. During her mother's illness, her father, a founder member of the Berchtesgaden branch of the SPD, had brought Mimi home from a boarding-school run by nuns in the Catholic pilgrimage centre, Altotting, to help run the family clothes shop on the ground-floor of the Deutsches Haus, where Hitler was staying. She had already heard that the famous Adolf Hitler had taken rooms in the hotel when he introduced himself one day when she was sitting on a bench in the nearby Kurpark, together with her sister Anni, playing with their alsatian dog, Marco. Soon, he was flirting with her. She and Anni were invited to a meeting he addressed in the hotel. "Wolf", as he asked her to call him, using his own favourite nickname, took her for trips in his Mercedes, driven by the discreet Maurice. Hitler was evidently taken with the attractive, blonde young girl, charming in her naive, youthful way, flirtatious, hanging on his every word. He flattered her, and played with her affections. She may have been emotionally disturbed, so soon after her mother's death. At any rate, a sense of being courted by one enveloped in such an aura of power and fame must also have played its part. She found him an imposing figure. His manner of dress - complete with knee-length boots and whip - impressed her. Hitler demonstrated his domination by thrashing his own dog, an Alsatian called Prinz, when it misbehaved by fighting Mimi's dog. She was in awe of him, and plainly became completely infatuated. According to her own account, long after the war, on one trip into the countryside near Berchtesgaden, Hitler took her to a remote forest glade, stood her against a tree, admired her from a distance, calling her his "woodland spirit", then kissed her passionately. He intimated his undying love. Soon afterwards, he was gone - back to real life: politics, meetings, speeches, the regular whirl of activities in Munich.

The enforced abstinence of World War I turned, after 1919... to promiscuity, a neurotic state.... Unemployment and the terror of it... made German males less willing to contemplate marriages.... Military fanaticism... the recognized enemy of full heterosexuality... led to the literary preoccupation with perversity, the notorious nightclubs for men only: these stories showed how deep went the underground currents....

After the 1931 depression... sex starvation turned guilty and flamed into fanaticism, cruelty and bitterness. Distorted sex showed itself in Jew-baiting, persecution and ultrapuritanism.... The psychohistorical situation in Germany threw up representative leaders - Hitler in whose life there has been no other woman but his mother.... Hitler, a sexual abnormal with a childhood fixation... unable to conceive the normal ideal of full and ideal heterosexual love and marriage.... The tragedy lies in the power wielded by such abnormals over ... average people.


Maria said Mitzi reiter, ex friend of Adolf Hitler, only woman he loved. Their story began in 1926 in Berchtesgaden, she was 16, he was 37, it last until 1928. Hitler stopped, she made a suicide attempt. She was a friend of Hitler's sister

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20 totally messed-up facts from history you never learnt from your school books.

by Unbelievable Facts Apr 28, 2016, 6:27 am Comments Off on 20 totally messed-up facts from history you never learnt from your school books.

There is something about history that triggers varied reactions in us. Some loathe it while some love everything about it. Be that as it may, one simply cannot ignore history. We have been taught history in school, we have witnessed history-in-the-making, we have read tomes on history. However, these 20 facts from history are not taught in schools. Neither are they readily available in our pocket guides. These intriguing facts from history will keep you riveted to your seat.

1. Ludi Meridiani or Midday spectacles (dramas) used condemned prisoners and prisoners of war for real executions within the play.

Image Source: ancient.eu

The Romans were notorious for their midday spectacles known as Ludi Meridiani. These performances enacted popular mythologies such as Hercules, Pasiphae and Orpheus. These shows were not just an enactment of the myth but also served as a platform for public execution of the condemned prisoners and prisoners of war.

For instance, in the enactment of Pasiphae, a woman prisoner would literally be smeared with the scent of a cow in season. A bull would then be let loose which would try and mount the weakened prisoner. If the woman survived the brutal ordeal, swipe of the sword would then end her life. Emperor Nero would clothe the Christians in animal skins before throwing them to vicious dogs as a means of degrading and humiliating them. The spectators who came from wealthy class appreciated these forms of execution as it enabled their sense of moral superiority over the convicted criminals.(source)

2. Sunandha Kumariratana, the Queen of Thailand, drowned while her subjects watched. They were forbidden to touch her.

Image Source: historyofroyalwomen.com

19-year-old Sunanadha Kumariratana (10 November 1860 – 31 May 1880) was the daughter of King Mongkut and Princess Consort Piam. She was married to King Chulalongkorn (King Rama V). Queen Sunandha was the consort to the chief queen of King Rama V. She was one of the four queens of King Rama V (of Siam, present-day Thailand). The other two queens were her younger sisters, Queen Savang Vadhana and Queen Saovabha Bhongsi.

The queen and her daughter died a tragic death when the boat ferrying them to the Bang Pa-In palace (Summer Palace) capsized drowning them both. The incident was watched by a large number of people (common subjects). Unfortunately, none of them could help since a law forbade common people from touching a royalty at any time – not even if it was a matter of life or death. Any subject found breaking this law was given a death sentence. The grief-stricken King erected a memorial in memory of the queen and their unborn child in Bang Pa-In Palace.(source)

3. Albert Einstein married his first cousin. In fact, 80% of marriages in history were between second or closer cousins.

Image Source: eshockers.com

A union between two people with a common relative (grandparent or another recent ancestor) is known as cousin marriage. In fact, the Rothschilds, Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin married their first cousins. Charles Darwin was a grandchild of first cousins. Robin Fox of Rutgers University thinks that more than 80% of marriages in history might have been between second or closer cousins. Ancient times had less number of people dispersed over wide areas. Hence, inbreeding was the inevitable result of this situation. In the olden days, cousin marriage was considered ideal. But the recent medical discoveries unearthing links between inbreeding and neurological diseases led to a decline in the number of cousin marriages. Cousin marriages have come down in Brazil, US, Europe, and other western countries. However, cousin marriage numbers have not witnessed any change in the Middle East and few other Asian countries.(source 1, 2)

4. Skull-cups, made of human skulls, belonging to Cro-Magnon period found in Britain.

Image Source: Wired

Three skull cups were unearthed from Gough’s cave in Cheddar Gorge in Somerset, UK. The three skull cups found are of 2 adults and a three-year old child. These cups were made from 14,700-year old skulls. The usage of skull-cups may sound macabre but the practice of using skull-cups was well-known worldwide. From Vikings to Scythians, all created and used skull-cups. Dr. Silvia Bello of Natural History Museum, London believes that the early humans were skilled anatomists who carefully cleaned the skull of the soft tissues before making the cuts and dents. As a final step, the cranial vaults are shaped into cups by retouching the broken or chipped bones. Dr. Silivio Bell suspects that the early humans might have been cannibals who consumed the soft flesh of the skull before turning it into a cup. However, he believes that the purpose of consumption may have been ritualistic rather than pure cannibalism.

The skull cups found in Gough’s cave belong to two adults and a 3-year old child from Cro-Magnon period. Two of the skull-cups were found in 1920 and another was found in 1987.(source)

5. The average life expectancy in ancient Rome was only 20 to 30 years.

Image source: america.pink

The modern-day statisticians have conceded to the fact that the average life expectancy of ancient Romans hovered around the age of 25. This shocking figure is due to the high mortality rate of infants and children. As many as 50% of the children succumbed to death by the age of ten. Those who managed to survive plagues, dysentery and wars had life expectancy that ranged from 45-50 years.(source)

6. War of the Triple Alliance took lives of over 60% of Paraguay’s population leaving a woman to man ratio of 4:1.

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The Triple Alliance or Paraguayan war commenced when Brazil helped the Colorado occupied Uruguay against its opposition bloc. Alarmed by what he considered to be an expansion agenda that threatened the local power, Francisco Solano Lopez, the dictator of Paraguay went to war against a bigger country – Brazil. Bartolome Mitre quickly seized the opportunity and cobbled an alliance with Brazil and Colorado controlled Uruguay, thus forming a triple alliance, declared war on Paraguay on May 1, 1865.

The Paraguayan 50,000-man army was considered to be the strongest in Latin America and the action by their leader Francisco was seen as an aggressive aggrandizement of self and nation. The war began with Paraguayan army making steady inroads into enemy territories. But logistical problems and the build-up of the Triple Alliance army soon halted the march of Paraguayan army. The tide turned against Paraguay in January 1868 when Brazilian armoured vessels broke through Paraguayan defences. The campaign of Lomas Valentinas in December saw the virtual annihilation of the Paraguayan army. The dictator of Paraguay, Francisco Solano Lopez, was killed in 1870. The population of Paraguay which was around 525,000 before the war began, came down to about 221,000 in 1871. Of this population, only about 28,000 were men.(source)

7. Cannibalism was revived during the 16th & 17th centuries owing to medical progress.

Image Source: smithsonianmag.com

The Renaissance period is known for the revival of art and culture. Shockingly, this period was also known for reviving cannibalism for medicative purposes. Mummies and live flesh of humans were all treasured in the name of medicine. Consumption of these grisly potions was not limited to few select groups. Scientists, royalties, priests and common folks ingested human body parts whenever they could get their hands on them. The cannibalistic medicine followed the principle of ‘like cures the like’. Hence, the crushed and powdered skull was used to treat headaches, ingesting of fresh blood was thought to take care of blood ailments, fat from the dead bodies were said to cure gout or other external ailments. As a result, Mummies were routinely stolen from Egyptian museums, skulls were procured from Irish graves and gravediggers robbed body parts to sell.

The craze for ‘human medicine’ spawned several recipes involving human blood (marmalade) or the skull (The king’s drops). The toupee of moss covering the skull of the dead known as Usnea became a valuable additive. Its powder was said to cure nosebleeds and even epilepsy. Blood was a sought-after ‘medicine’ – fresher the better since it was thought to contain the vitality of the deceased. The poor who could not buy fresh blood would attend executions paying the executioner for a small amount of the blood to be taken from the body of the executed prisoner.(source)

8. Romans considered urine as ‘liquid gold’. Washed their mouths to fight bad breath and to whiten their teeth.

Image Source: wordsiseek.com

Urophagia or consuming urine was a normal routine in ancient Rome. Urine was considered ‘liquid gold’ by the Romans. The ancient Romans collected all the urine from public urinals and sold them in the market. Such was the profit margin that a law was later passed to collect ‘urine tax’ from the urine traders. Urine was used for numerous uses in the ancient days. They were used as softeners of leathers, to remove stains from the cloth, as a leavening. Urine had another very important use- It was used as a mouthwash by ancient Romans. They believed the ammonia present in the urine would wash away the stain and bad breath and it did!(source)

9. Genghis Khan ordered his army to eat every tenth man to overcome the shortage of food.

Image source: www.biography.com

Genghis Khan was the founder of the Mongolian empire. The Mongolian empire controlled large parts of Central Asia and China. The successful invasions on other Kingdoms were due to Genghis Khan’s disciplined army. Genghis Khan after waging a successful war against the Jin Empire (North China), with the help of the Ongguts (Jin’s neighbors on the northern borders), had to retreat after getting wounded. The Jin empire grabbed the opportunity to recapture their lost lands and fortify their defences.

After 2 years in 1213, the Mongols came back to recapture Jin. Genghis Khan split the army into three divisions. He and his two sons lead the army into the attack that saw the defeat of the Jin empire. By 1214, most of the area north of Huang He (yellow river) was under the control of Genghis Khan except the city of Chungdu, the capital of Jin empire. The fortified city withstood the siege of the Mongols. The siege went on for a long time leading to a shortage of supplies in the Mongol camp. They were also ravaged by Plague. Genghis Khan was determined on continuing the siege ordered that every tenth man would be sacrificed to be fed to others. The prolonged Siege caused Genghis Khan to personally abandon the campaign leaving his general Mukalji in-charge. Chungdu city finally succumbed in 1215.(source)

10. Hungarian soldier shot in the frontal lobe during World War I made him go sleepless for the rest of his life.

Image credit: The Milwaukee Sentinel – Sep 25, 1938

Paul Kern, a Hungarian soldier who fought in World War I was shot in the head by a Russian soldier in 1915. The bullet was later removed his frontal lobe. Paul Kern woke up after the surgery in Lemberg Hospital and he never slept again. Apart from having occasional headaches, Kern did not suffer much because of his sleeplessness. His work at the Pensions department, Budapest showed no signs of deterioration.

Paul tried to sleep like the others but the hours of wakefulness spent lying on the bed exhausted him more than working.

The astonishing case of Paul Kern had got the specialists of Central Europe puzzled. The best brain and nerve specialists were not able to uncover any abnormalities. Dr. Frey, a noted university professor who treated the case for years admitted that he was baffled by Paul’s condition.(source)

11. Claudius, the fourth emperor of the Roman empire was not a homosexual. And that was considered weird since emperors were supposed to be homosexuals back then

Image source: thefamouspeople.com

Claudius the fourth emperor took only women as lovers. No, neither boys nor men. This was considered weird by the then Romans as homosexuality was considered the norm in those days.

For the upper-class Romans, sex with a woman was only for procreation. Sex with a man was common in those times. Sexuality during the Roman times was one of the two: either to dominate or to submit. The dominant was to gain the upper position in the sexual play and the submissive played the opposite role. Claudius favored none of the roleplays and chose only women. His choices made the people question his sanity.

Of the first 15 Roman emperors, Claudius was the only one who stayed straight and did not swing both ways.(source)

12. More than 100 people died of electrocution in France ringing Church bells during thunder and lighting.

Image Source: twitter.com

In the middle ages, people believed that bells had supernatural powers. They believed that a bell would scatter lightning. Hence, bell ringers kept ringing the church bells to diffuse lightning. Due to this, a large number of bell ringers got electrocuted. In France, as many as 103 bell ringers died within 33 years out of electrocution as a result of holding on to wet bell ropes. This prompted the parliament of Paris to pass an edict in 1786 which prohibited ringing of the bells during thunder and lighting.(source)

13. Nuclear radiation caused few Hiroshima survivors to develop ‘Black fingernails’ with active blood vessels inside them. One of the bizarre aftermath of nuclear holocaust.

Image Source: pcf.city.hiroshima.jp

Next in the facts from history is that of the devastating nuclear holocaust in Hiroshima during World War II caused some of its survivors to develop ‘black fingernails’. These rod-shaped black fingernails grew due to their exposure to the high amount of radiation left by the nuclear explosion. Surprisingly, these nails had active blood vessels in them and bled when cut off. A new black nail would replace the broken nail. (source 1,2)

14. Genghis Khan killed about 40 million people. That meant the removal of 700 million tons of carbon from the earth’s atmosphere. Probably one of the first facts from history on environmental change.

Image Source: www.biography.com

Genghis Khan, one of the greatest invaders in world history acquired the largest contiguous land empire (about 22% of world’s total land area) in the 12th and 13th century. This helped remove almost 700 million tons of carbon from the earth’s atmosphere. Genghis Khan, along with his disciplined army, embarked on a murderous conquest that witnessed death of about 40 million people, destruction of villages and kingdoms. 40 million deaths meant a large scale depopulation. Such depopulated land gradually grew into forests. This reforestation helped remove about 700 million tons of carbon from the earth’s atmosphere. This could be the first successful man-made environmental change in world history.

Genghis Khan’s ‘contribution’ doesn’t end there. A group of geneticists studying Y chromosomes in the regions of former Mongol empire discovered that there could be 16 million descendants of Genghis khan living today. (source 1,2)

15. There is a 500-year old statue of a man stuffing baby in his mouth in Switzerland.

Image Source: www.youtube.com

The child-eater fountain or Kindlifresserbrunnen in Bern, Switzerland was created by Hans Geing in 1545/46. The statue replaced an old wooden fountain. The statue shows a hatted man devouring a child with few more children next to him.

Theories are abound about the ‘child eater’ statue. One theory suggests that it is a warning about the Jews. The Kindlifresser statue wears a pointed hat that resembles the yellow pointed Judenhut that Jews were forced to wear during those days. The baby-eating might reflect ‘blood libel’ – a false allegation that Jews murdered and used the blood of Christians for their ritual purposes.

There is another speculation suggesting that the statute is of Cronus, the Greek Titan king eating away his offspring to keep the throne or that of Saturn consuming months. Another theory is that of Krampus – a beast-like creature from Alpine folklore. Another version indicates that it is about Cardinal Schiner who led the Swiss confederation into several defeats against Northern Italy. And another theory claims that it simply is a representation of a carnival figure intended to frighten disobedient children. And there are other claims that it warns kids of the danger of falling into bear pits in those days.(source 1,2)

16. Félix Faure, one of the French Presidents died while receiving oral sex from his mistress Mme. Marguerite Steinheil.

image source: www.franceinfo.fr

Felix Faure was the president of the French Republic from 1895 to 1899. Felix Faure’s tenure was dotted with frequent conflicts with England and having a harmonious relationship with Russia. He was also overseeing the Dreyfus affair. Despite all his achievements, Felix Faure became more famous for the manner in which he died.

The president died while receiving oral sex from his mistress. On February 16th, 1899, Faure summoned Mme. Marguerite Steinheil over the phone to the presidential palace. She was asked to come at noon. Shortly after her arrival, servants were rung for. They discovered Felix Faure lying unconscious on the sofa while Mme. Marguerite Steinheil was hastily rearranging her disordered clothing. It was believed that Felix Faure had a fit when his mistress was performing oral sex on him and he died with his hands entangled in her hair.(source 1,2)

17. ‘Rampjaar’ year or the Disaster year witnessed a shocking spectacle of Dutch citizens attacking and eating their own Prime Minister.

Image Source: www.rijksmuseum.nl

In the year 1672, following the outbreak of Franco-Dutch war and the third Anglo-Dutch war, the Dutch republic faced direct and simultaneous attack from the French, English, the Prince-Bishops Bernhard von Galen, bishop of Munster and Maximilian Henry of Bavaria, the archbishop of Cologne. The invading forces quickly subdued a large part of the Dutch republic resulting in mass panic in the coastal areas of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht. The Orangists grabbed this opportunity to seize control of these provinces. They quickly installed William as the Stadtholder forcing Johan de Witt to resign from his post of the Grand Pensionary.

William’s first act after becoming stadtholder was to imprison Cornelius De Witt, the head of police and brother of Johan De Witt on charges of treason. On hearing the news of Cornelius’ arrest, Johan went to see his brother in the prison. Soon, a mob gathered outside the prison demanding arrest and imprisonment of Johan. The small contingent of soldiers guarding the post was called away on the pretext of subduing a rampaging mob. The mob promptly set upon the two brothers. The mob viciously attacked them and in their frenzy, some of them even ate parts of the bodies of two brothers. Another violent story in facts from history (source 1,2)

18. Excavators discover giant stone penises and brothels in the ancient city of Pompeii.

Image source: www.travelblog.org

Excavators digging through the layers of ash discovered that the ancient city of Pompeii boasted a robust sexual scene during their heyday. They uncovered a large number of erotic frescoes and graffiti painted on the walls of buildings that contained numerous rooms with stone beds. There are giant stone penises carved into the pavement pointing the way to the brothels.

Lupenare or wolf’s den is one of the famous brothels of Pompeii. The two-storey structure built just before the destruction of Pompeii is believed to be the only building that specialized in providing brothel services. The Lupenare had ten rooms and each room had a stone bed with a mattress where a prostitute could provide an uninterrupted service to her client. The brothel also had a lavatory under the stairs. Another noteworthy aspect about Lupenare was its erotic wall painting. None of the paintings were similar and they showed different positions for copulation. The excavators believed that these paintings served as a brochure broadcasting the services offered by the brothel.(source)

19. Four out of six girlfriends of Adolf Hitler attempted suicide.

Image Source: dailymail.co.uk

Adolf Hitler’s relationship with women have long fascinated historians. Though known as a man fanatically committed to Germany, his name has been linked with a number of women. Few of Hitler’s women committed suicide and one survived a suicide attempt. Hitler was deeply devoted to Geli Rauber, his half-niece who was nineteen years younger to him. The affair ended when Geli Raubel shot herself with Hiter’s gun in his Munich apartment. Maria Reiter was Adolf Hitler’s love interest in his younger days. She tried to hang herself when Hitler categorically refused to marry Reiter citing his political career.

Unity Mitford was a British citizen who was loyal to Hitler and actively worked for the Nazi’s. Distraught over the war between the countries she loved (Britain and Germany), Unity shot herself with a small gun. The bullet lodged in her brain and could not be removed. She died nine years later from the complications related to her failed suicide attempt. Renate Mueller, whom Hitler likened to the ideal Aryan woman fell to her death from grace within the inner circle of the Nazi party. Some modern-day historians speculate that she was murdered by the Gestapo but there is no conclusive evidence to prove it. Eva Braun was deeply loyal and fanatically devoted to Hitler. Unhappy about her love life, Eva once shot herself to end her misery but was saved. She became Hitler’s long-term companion and eventually died along with him in a suicide pact. (source 1,2)

20. Merkin, a pubic wig was worn by women in 1450s.

Image Source: commons.wikimedia.org

The origin of merkin can be traced back to 1450s. Women those days would don the merkin also known as the pubic wig for personal hygiene and to tackle the pubic lice infestations. However, prostitutes wore it for a different reason. They would cover their pubic area with the merkin to cover up symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases especially that of syphilis.

It is also rumoured that male actors playing the part of females used merkins to cover their nether region while doing nude scenes in a play on stage.(source)


Eva Braun (1912 - 1945) the lab assistant who became Hitler's girlfriend & only wife

Hitler had possibly sex with 6 women: Eva Braun, Unity Mitford, his niece Geli Raubal, Renata Müller, Maria Reiter and Erna Hanfstaengl.

Hitler was possibly impotent or had potency problems. He had probably a strong inclination to homosexuality.

If he had sex with Braun in the ´normal´ way is not certain.
If he had sex with Mitford is not certain.
His ´sex´ with Raubal seems to have been coprophilic.
His ´sex´ with Müller was masochistic. Genital contact not certain.
Sex with Reiter and Hanfstaengl not certain.

Sparky

WhatAnArtist

Blair

Blair

Hitler had possibly sex with 6 women: Eva Braun, Unity Mitford, his niece Geli Raubal, Renata Müller, Maria Reiter and Erna Hanfstaengl.

Hitler was possibly impotent or had potency problems. He had probably a strong inclination to homosexuality.

If he had sex with Braun in the ´normal´ way is not certain.
If he had sex with Mitford is not certain.
His ´sex´ with Raubal seems to have been coprophilic.
His ´sex´ with Müller was masochistic. Genital contact not certain.
Sex with Reiter and Hanfstaengl not certain.

Blair

Hitler had possibly sex with 6 women: Eva Braun, Unity Mitford, his niece Geli Raubal, Renata Müller, Maria Reiter and Erna Hanfstaengl.

Hitler was possibly impotent or had potency problems. He had probably a strong inclination to homosexuality.

If he had sex with Braun in the ´normal´ way is not certain.
If he had sex with Mitford is not certain.
His ´sex´ with Raubal seems to have been coprophilic.
His ´sex´ with Müller was masochistic. Genital contact not certain.
Sex with Reiter and Hanfstaengl not certain.

Hitler's staff at his residences once he took power said they never saw any signs of sexual activity between Hitler and anyone else, but they dismiss any claims of homosexuality.

Rumours of homosexuality have been traced back many year to Hitler's time as a tramp in Vienna or, possibly to World War One. They came from a man who was a proven liar I think.


Maria Reiter - History

The following may have arrived
and settled in Purrysburg, SC:
49 Greiner Johann Caspar I
50 Greiner Johann Caspar II
51 Greiner (Johann) Martin I
52 Greiner (Johann) Martin II
53 Greiner Maria Magdalena

Other Settlers at Ebenezer(12)
54 Berry James O.
55 Berry ?
56 Berry John Berry
57 Biddenbach Christian
58 Biddenbach Sophie
59 Burgholder Matthew
60 Conway Charles
61 Courvoisie John Francis William
62 Fryermouth John Peter
63 Greiner John Casper
64 Grabenstein John Justus
65 Gugle/Gugel John Christopher
66 Gugle/Gugel Anna Maria
67 Keiffer Theobald
68 Keiffer Maria Catherine
69 Kessler Adam
70 Kessler Hannah Kieffer
71 Kessler Valentine
72 Kramer Christian
73 Kessler Clara
74 Kessler Anna Maria
75 Kessler Christopher
76 LeBey Andreu J.
77 Count d'Estang
78 Mallette Gideon, II
79 Metzger Jacob
80 Metzger Margaret
81 Metzger Jacob, Jr.
82 Metzger Phillip
83 Morgan Lewis
84 Nease John Martin
85 Neidlinger John
86 Neidlinger ?
87 Neidlinger John Ulrich
88 Ochsle Melchior
89 Ochsle Maria Niess
90 Taesher Christian
91 Zettler Matthias


Leni Riefenstahl

There is a tendency to think that such a historic personage had to be more than just some powerful guy's secret girlfriend, that it was her talent alone that propelled her career. It appears to be true in this case that Leni was damned good at what she did. There is no question that Leni was one of Hitler's professional favorites in the propaganda field. Whether or not they ever actually had any intimacy is purely speculative, but there were rumors - and she was a frequent visitor for tea at the Berghof.

It is worth observing that Leni, born in 1902, was just a tad shall we say mature for Hitler's usual tastes in females. But Hitler had artistic pretensions himself, and birds of a feather do flock together.

Simply to play the Devil's Advocate, there are many who consider Leni, a brilliant professional woman, to have been not always the most truthful and forthcoming person when describing her past associations. Let's be kind and say that she tended to exaggerate and say "never" when she really meant "well, not often." That picture of them together above does sort of confirm one thing in my own mind: Leni was 100% accurate when she claimed that Hitler dazzled her. That is the look of a woman in love.

Leni's career collapsed after the war, and essentially was over by the mid-1950s. It wasn't that she was bereft of talent, but her associations with fascism bedeviled her despite her fervent attempts to reject that philosophy. She was not a quitter, however. Leni resumed her craft after a very long break and performed unique studies of African tribes and underwater ecology that were groundbreaking and irreplaceable.

In a sense, Leni had the last laugh on her critics. She lived to be 101, married that same year, and had a final bow a year before her death with one final, well-received documentary about sea life.


Sympathy Flowers

Maria was born on February 1, 1914 and passed away on Saturday, July 20, 2019.

Maria was a resident of Longmeadow, Massachusetts at the time of passing.

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Maria said Mitzi reiter, ex friend of Adolf Hitler, only woman he loved. Their story began in 1926 in Berchtesgaden, she was 16, he was 37, it last until 1928. Hitler stopped, she made a suicide attempt. She was a friend of Hitler's sister

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Santa Maria Sun / News

T he Arreola family smelled something bad, like rotten eggs.

Since they lived in Santa Maria&rsquos St. Marie Mobile Home Park near strawberry and broccoli fields&mdashliterally feet away, in fact&mdashthey worried about chemicals, like pesticides, being applied to fruits and vegetables growing so close to their home. They noticed odd smells at odd times.

Alejandra Arreola later told investigators that her family suffered from irritated eyes, sore throats, headaches, nausea, runny noses, and other respiratory issues after the smells materialized. She reported seeing white clouds billowing from tractors, prompting everyone to run inside and shut the windows. Jesus Arreola, her husband, said his heart started beating rapidly and he broke into a sweat after he noticed a chemical odor and saw a tractor trundle past his bedroom window.

They believed pesticides were wafting into their home, making them sick. So they complained to the Santa Barbara County Agricultural Commissioner&rsquos office.

What happened next is a bit of a confusing tangle that ultimately prompted the Arreolas, working with attorney John L. Simonson of Tarzana-based Spear Law Firm, to file a legal complaint in December 2012 against Reiter Berry Farms, Innovative Produce, and Santa Barbara County. They&rsquove also listed 25 John or Jane Does to be filled in as discovery continues.

According to the complaint, the Arreolas allege Reiter and Innovative &ldquoengaged in heavy and frequent pesticide and herbicide spraying of their respective fields, creating traveling clouds of pesticide mist called &lsquopesticide drift.&rsquo&rdquo The family is seeking damages on a variety of causes of action: four against the farms and one against the county, which the family believes failed to properly protect them from the alleged exposure.

In late March 2011, the complaint reads, the Arreolas made a formal complaint of &ldquopesticide exposure/misuse&rdquo to the county agricultural commissioner&rsquos office. Since the office decided to investigate, they argue, it created a duty to &ldquoexercise due care in the undertaking of that investigation.&rdquo While the county did run an investigation&mdashwhich it termed a response to an &ldquoodor complaint&rdquo&mdashand coordinated a meeting between the family, county officials, and farmers, the Arreolas feel the action failed to resolve anything. In fact, all of that made them feel worse about their situation.

In May 2011, they filed a complaint with the Department of Pesticide Regulation, alleging the Santa Barbara County Agricultural Commissioner&rsquos staff ran a lackluster investigation. A subsequent department investigation found that the Santa Barbara County Agricultural Commissioner&rsquos office response to the Arreolas&rsquo complaints was inadequate and inconsistent with department protocol.

The department&rsquos investigation report notes that the commission staff failed to collect field samples to address potential pesticide drift during the investigation, with no explanation for not doing so that staffers relied on phone conversations with the farms to determine pesticide application history and failed to verify whether applications took place during times when discrepancies were found on Reiter Berry Farm&rsquos monthly use-reporting records that staffers never conducted a follow-up inspection at Reiter after discovering pesticide-use reporting violations during the investigation and that the commissioner&rsquos office didn&rsquot assess Alejandra Arreola&rsquos allegations that more people in the mobile home park were showing similar symptoms.

A representative from the Department of Pesticide Regulation explained in an e-mail to the Sun that such reports are used to identify deficiencies in a County Agricultural Commissioner Pesticide Use Enforcement Program, and the department then works with the office to correct the issues by offering training and working with staffers to &ldquoimprove their knowledge and skill.&rdquo

The Department of Pesticide Regulation investigator also stated in the report that he &ldquowas unable to determine that any singular incident met the criteria for a U.S. EPA Priority Episode.&rdquo Such an episode is any event that involves &ldquoa violation of the pesticide use provisions of the [Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act], potential or actual illness, damage, harm, loss, or contamination alleged as resulting from the use or presence of a pesticide.&rdquo A priority investigation impacting human health must appear to cause death, serious illness (as in hospital admission), or injury or illness to five or more people from a single pesticide episode.

The Arreolas report in their complaint against the farms and the county that they tried to sell their house in spring 2012, but because of the depressed market, they had to walk away from eight years of mortgage payments.

They now live in a rental in Santa Maria, it reads, &ldquoaway from any farming operations.&rdquo

Attorney Simonson also said that two of the Arreolas&rsquo children, younger than 10 years old, have been diagnosed with bronchial asthma.

Agricultural Commissioner Cathy Fisher referred questions to county counsel. Sarah A. McElhinney, deputy county counsel for Santa Barbara County, said she couldn&rsquot comment on the complaint except to confirm that the county is challenging it by arguing that it has immunity.

A demurrer dated April 9, 2013, shows that the county is arguing that the plaintiffs &ldquofail to state facts sufficient to state a cause of action.&rdquo The filing goes on to list several reasons behind its demurrer, including the county&rsquos belief that the Arreolas failed to allege a mandatory duty on the county&rsquos part, and that the county can essentially claim governmental immunity against suits.

The filing also refers to the Arreolas&rsquo complaint as &ldquolayers of speculation.&rdquo

Reiter and Innovative both denied the allegations and causes of action in the complaint and filed cross complaints, which would potentially shift or spread around any liability should it be found.

A company representative from Reiter didn&rsquot return a request for comment. Neither did Elizabeth St. John, attorney for Reiter.

Fred Krakauer, attorney for Innovative, declined to comment.

According to court documents, Reiter anticipated its own fact discovery process wrapping up in November, with expert discovery finishing by February 2014.

Simonson, the Arreolas&rsquo attorney, explained that it wouldn&rsquot be unusual for a potential trial date to be set a year from now. But first, there&rsquos a case management conference set for May 15, at which Judge Timothy Staffel is expected to hear the county&rsquos demurrer and the Arreolas&rsquo response. Simonson theorized that the parties might be sent into court-ordered mediation, but emphasized that if this complaint goes to trial, they&rsquod be looking at starting sometime next year.


Staff and Leadership

Shannon joined the staff in 2004 and serves as the organizations’ President. In 2010, she was instrumental in leading the organization’s unification and merger of PA CleanWays with Keep Pennsylvania Beautiful. She earned a Master’s degree in Public Administration-Nonprofit Management from the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh with a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from Indiana University of Pennsylvania. Shannon serves as a member of the Grants Committee for the Community Foundation of Westmoreland County and is an appointed member of the DEP Solid Waste Advisory Committee. She lives in North Huntingdon, Westmoreland County with her husband Bryan, two children (Sydney and Christian) and their two dogs (River Joy and Hermes). In Shannon’s spare time, she enjoys time with her family and friends and doing anything and everything outdoors.

Heidi Pedicone

Director of Programs (Affiliate Services)

Heidi joined the staff in 2001 under the Forest Lands Beautification Project helping to beautify the state forests and parks across Pennsylvania. She currently serves as the Director of Programs & Affiliate Services, responsible for the administration and management of affiliate services, multiple environmental grants and programs. Heidi earned a Master’s degree in Environmental Management from Duquesne University with a Bachelor’s degree in Environmental Studies and Marine Science as a dual major from East Stroudsburg University. Heidi has a combined 23 years’ experience in environmental consulting, marine science education, and nonprofit management. She lives in Westmoreland County with her husband, two children and dogs. In Heidi’s spare time, she enjoys kayaking and spending time in the great outdoors.

Barb Smerkar

Office Manager/IT Coordinator

Barb joined the staff in 2001 under the Forest Lands Beautification Program and has been promoted multiple times since then. She currently serves as the Office Manager and IT Coordinator. Barb lives in Westmoreland County with husband, Rich and their dog, Ziggy. In her spare time, Barb enjoys spending time doing crafts, reading, baking, riding motorcycles and making wine.

Rob Dubas

Program Coordinator
(Illegal Dump Free PA, Litter Enforcement and Camera Surveillance Program)
Read Bio

Rob joined the staff in 2018 as the Program Coordinator for the Illegal Dump Free PA program and coordinates the surveillance camera loan program. For nearly 10 years, he worked in mortgages before deciding to change careers to concentrate on protecting the environment. Rob earned a Master’s degree in Environmental Science and Management from Duquesne University. He lives in Pittsburgh with his wife, Maria and while they do not have any pets currently, they hope to share their home with a dog soon! In his spare time, he enjoys spending time at the park, running, biking and birding, where he is trying to learn which birds sing, which songs.

Michelle Dunn

Program Coordinator
(Great American Cleanup, International Coastal Cleanup, Fresh Paint Days and more)
Read Bio

Michelle joined the staff in 2004 as a Program Coordinator working throughout the state organizing illegal dumpsite cleanups. She currently coordinates and manages the Great American Cleanup of PA, International Coastal Cleanup and Fresh Paint Days. Michelle earned her Bachelor’s degree in Environmental and Natural Sciences from California University of Pennsylvania. She loves working with animals and works part-time as a veterinarian technician. Michelle also is heavily involved with animal rescue organizations in the Pittsburgh area and is an avid gardener and loves to travel when possible.

Stephanie Larson

Program Coordinator
(Beautiful Newsletter/Resources, Local Road Adoption, Litter Free School Zone, Special Collections and more)
Read Bio

Stephanie joined the staff in 2000 as a Program Director, working statewide facilitating the growth of new chapters/affiliates. She currently coordinates and manages the Beautiful newsletter, Beautiful Resources e-updates, the statewide Local Adoption program, Special Collections program and the development of educational program materials. Stephanie previously worked as an analytical chemist and has over 25 years’ experience working in the environmental field. She earned an Associate’s degree in Environmental Protection and Technology from the University of Cincinnati. In her spare time, Stephanie enjoys reading, gardening, hiking and spending time with her family.

Fred Siekkinen

Enforcement Support Field Operative
(Illegal Dump Free PA and Camera Surveillance Program)
Read Bio

Sue Urchek

Program Coordinator
(Illegal Dump Free PA and Camera Surveillance Program)
Read Bio

Sue joined the staff in 2000 as a statewide illegal dumpsite cleanup coordinator. Currently she is a Program Coordinator with the Illegal Dump Free PA program and assists with the surveillance camera loan program. Sue earned an Associate’s degree in CADD from Westmoreland County Community College. She lives on the outskirts of Blairsville, Westmoreland County with her husband, Dave on his family’s farm with rescue cats, Shaggy and DC. Together, they harness solar and water power to supplement their electricity usage and to heat their water, with firewood and a small gas well to heat their home. They have three children and three amazing grandchildren which enrich their lives. In her spare time, Sue enjoys gardening, cooking and trying to perfect gluten free baking, home improvement/addition projects, and going to the beach.


Watch the video: Implementos Proféticos, las banderas en la intercesión profética - Parte 2: Pastor Franky Rodríguez. (January 2022).